Najafgarh is a town in the South West Delhi district in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. It is one of the three subdivisions of the Southwest Delhi district.[2] Najafgarh is situated at the edges of the southwestern part of Delhi near the Haryana border, a separation of 29 kilometers (18 miles) from the New Delhi City Center. It has a blend of provincial and urban populaces from Delhi and Haryana. Because of the nearness of a great deal of freehold land, Najafgarh is one of the quickest developing tehsil (sub-locale) in the southwest area of Delhi.

Najafgarh is fundamentally known for being a monetary and transport center in rustic Delhi. Significant markets situated in Najafgarh incorporate Main Market, Nawada Bazaar (som bazaar), Anaz Mandi (foodgrain showcase), Tura Mandi (grain market) and Sabzi Mandi (vegetable market). Seven streets start at the Najafgarh Phirni (circular street) and go to: Inderlok, Chhawla, Khaira, Ghuman Hera, Galib Pur, Dauralla, Dhansa, Jharoda, Dichaon and Nangloi. The streets towards Chhawla, Dhansa and Jharoda further lead up to the urban communities of Gurgaon, Jhajjar and Bahadurgarh in Haryana.

Najafgarh was named after Mirza Najaf Khan[3][4] (1723–1782) the president of the Mughal Army under King Shah Alam II.[5][6] He walked a few kilometers from the capital of Shahjahanabad to build up a military station, which would monitor Delhi against assaults by British, Rohillasand Sikhs. He manufactured a solid fort,[7] in suburbia past the capital city, and settled few the Mughal here. That post was later named Najafgarh.[8] After the demise of Najaf Khan, Najafgarh later turned into a braced fortification of the Rohilla Afghanchieftain Zabita Khan (b. 1785).[9]

During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and as a piece of the Siege of Delhi,[10] the Battle of Najafgarh took place on 25 August 1857[11]between Indian renegades and British Rajsoldiers.[12] Approximately 800 individuals were killed.[13] After the thrashing of the Mughal troops in 1857, Delhi went under the control of the British Empire in 1858. Najafgarh turned into a section of Delhi district[14] of the Delhi Division of Punjab Province. Delhi was moved from the North-Western Provinces(later the United Provinces) to Punjab by the British Government in 1859.[15]

In 1861, the North-Western Provinces training framework was canceled in Delhi,[16]:18and another framework for schools displayed on the Punjab instruction framework was presented by W.M. Holroyd, the Inspector of Schools for the Ambala Division.[16]:47 New schools were opened at Narela, Najafgarh, Mehrauli and their rural areas. A few schools were opened in the next decades. The Delhi Normal School was moved to Najafgarh from Kashmere Gate in 1911.[16]:71[17] The Delhi Normal School, with a little connected Model School,[18] trained its educators in closer agreement with European strategies than some other Normal School in Northern India.[19]

In 1947, Najafgarh turned into a section of independent India and fell under the union territory of Delhi. Najafgarh Assembly Constituency was set up in 1993 when the Delhi authoritative assembly was restored after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment Act, 1991) came into power. This proclaimed the Union Territory of Delhi to be officially known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.[20] Najafgarh is now one of the most crowded appointive districts in the National Capital Region of India (NCR). Najafgarh is encompassed by 70 towns circumscribing Haryana. The fringes are 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) to 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from the fundamental Najafgarh Market.

Najafgarh is found at 28.60°N 76.98°E[21] in the South West Delhi district in the NCT of Delhi. Najafgarh is arranged 29 kilometers (18 mi) Southwest of the New Delhi City Center and 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) northwest to the locale base camp at Dwarka. It has a normal rise of 218 m (715 ft) above mean Sea Level.[22] Najafgarh Drain, the continuation of the Sahibi River and a lengthening of the Najafgarh Lake is the Indian capital's most dirtied assemblage of water[23] due to the immediate inflow of untreated sewage from encompassing populated territories. A January 2005 report by the Central Pollution Control Boardclassifies this channel, with 13 other exceptionally contaminated wetlands, under class ''D'' for surveying the water nature of wetlands in untamed life habitats.[24][25][26]

Najafgarh is encompassed by various significant towns of the South West Delhi region. Like all the regulatory subdivisions of the Southwest District of Delhi, Najafgarh is made out of a gathering of towns. A portion of the towns around Najafgarh are: Kair, Roshan pura baprola, Asalatpur Khadar, Haibat Pur, Pandwala Kalan, Badu Sarai, Kangan Heri, Dauralla, Dindarpur, Ghuman Hera, Khaira, Delhi, Bakkargarh, Jaffarpur Kalan, Rawta, Surheda, Khera Dabar, Daulatpur, Dhansa, Galibpur, Jhuljhuli, Jhatikra, Kazipur, Kharkhari Nahar, Sidipur, KharKhari Jatmal, KharKhari Round, Hasanpur, Delhi, Mundhela Khurd, Mundhela Kalan, Nanak Heri, Nangli Sakrawati, Paprawat, Pandwalan Khurd, Pandwalan Kalan, Rewla Khanpur, Chhawla, Goela Khurd, Tajpur Khurd, Sarang Pur, Sherpur, Shikar Pur, Samaspur Khalsa, Ujwa, Daryapur Khurd, Issapur and Malikpur. Najafgarh is encompassed by various significant towns of Delhi like Surkhpur and Mitraon toward the west and Dichaon Kalan to the north.

Starting at 2011 India evaluation, the number of inhabitants in Najafgarh is 1,365,152.[1] Female sex Ratio is of 872 against Delhi's normal of 868. In addition, the Child Sex Ratio in Najafgarh is around 832 contrasted with Delhi's normal of 871.[1] The greater part of the occupants are local people others are from Haryana, Uttrakhand, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The proficiency rate is 88.1%.[1]Schedule Caste (SC) establishes 12.60% of all out populace in Najafgarh.

Governmental issues

Pravesh Verma of BJP is the MP from this body electorate while Kailash Gahlot, Advocate of the Aam Aadmi Party is MLA and Parliamentary Secretary, Government of NCT of Delhi from this area. Mr. Gahlot vanquished previous MLA Bharat Singh of the INLD in the 2015 Delhi Legislative Assembly political decision


Najafgarh Market is acclaimed for the various assortments of shops including materials, equipment, adornment, sports, and desserts. Jawahar Chowk is the most seasoned spot in the market.

Najafgarh is likewise in closeness to Gurgaon, which is a center point for various organizations, both Indian and global. There are several Ayurvedic and propelled treatment focuses and clinical focuses and beneficent facilities. They are situated in and around Najafgarh. Sai Baba of Shirdi, and the Suredha Temple., There are reflection bases in and on Najafgarh including Radha Soami Satsang Beas at Ranaji Enclave and Dindarpur, Osho Dham (of Guru Rajneesh), Ashram of Sudhanshu Ji Maharaj at Bakkarwala, Nirmal Dham of Nirmala Devi and Baba Haridas sanctuary in Jharodha Kalan In a portion of the focuses there are free clinical offices or limited/financed clinical offices.

The Special Forces Academy and the Special Operations Centers are in Najafgarh. The Delhi Police, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF) Camp (some portion of the Indian Government's Para Military Forces) Bani Camp and the Delhi Police Training Center are likewise situated in the region of Najafgarh. The Delhi Police Training Center in Jharodha is the primary significant instructional hub for the enrollment of Delhi Police Constables, Sub-Inspectors and different positions. An assortment of preparing is given at this middle, for example, bomb removal, revolt assurance, peace the board, and so on. The inside is in two sections – one is the Delhi Police Training School and the other is the Delhi Police Training College. DANIPS and IPS officials of AGMUT frameworks are given enlistment preparing in the Najafgarh Police Training Center.